R.E.A.e.V. veröffentlicht aus den zugänglichen Quellen die nachstehenden Bestandszahlen. Wir bedanken uns bei Dr. Samuel Kasiki vom Kenya Wildlife Service Research Center in Tsavo-East für seine Hilfe bei dieser Dokumentation.

Achtung: Die Zahlen beruhen zum Teil auf Schätzungen; vor allem für Zentral- und südliches Afrika. Insbesondere die Bestandszahlen in Congo, Gabon, Botswana und Zimbabwe sind auch unter Fachleuten immer noch umstritten. Abweichungen von anderen Bestandszahlen beruhen auf unterschiedlichen Erhebungsmethoden und Interpretationen.

1981                1985                1987                1995*             Trend

West Africa

Benin                           1,250               2,300               2,100               1,550              Mixed 

Burkina Faso               3,500               3,500               3,900               2,635               Mixed 

Ghana                          970                  1,000               1,100               2,531               Up

Guinea                         800                  800                  320                  1,000               Up

Ivory Coast                 4,800               4,800               3,300               2,196               Down

Liberia                         2,000               800                  650                  1,783               Mixed

Mali                             780                  700                  600                  807                  Mixed

Mauritania                   40                    0                      20                    –                      Ukn.

Niger                           800                  800                  800                  800                  Stable

Nigeria                        1,820               1,500               3,100               1,615               Mixed

Senegal                        370                  100                  50                    40                    Down  

Sierra Leone                500                  500                  250                  –                      Ukn.

Togo                           150                  100                  100                  228                  Mixed

Subtotal                      17,780             16,900             16,290             15,220             Down


Central Africa

CAR                           31,000             19,500             19,000             9,284               Down

Cameroon                   5,000               12,400             21,200             17,213             Mixed

Chad                           –                      2,500               3,100               3,140               Up

Congo                         10,800             59,000             61,000             32,563             Mixed

Eq. Guinea                   –                      1,800               500                  407                  Down

Gabon                         13,400             48,000             76,000             82,012             Up

DRC                           376,000           523,000           195,000           83,618             Down

Subtotal                      436,200           666,2000         375,800           228,237           Down


East Africa

Eritrea                         –                      –                      –                      100                  Ukn.

Ethiopia                       9,000               9,000               6,6500             2,407               Down

Kenya                         65,056             28,000             35,000             26,478             Mixed

Rwanda                       150                  100                  70                    81                    Down

Somalia                       24,323             8,600               6,000               250                  Down

Sudan                          133,772           32,300             40,000             –                      Mixed

Tanzania                      203,900           216,000           100,000           98,179             Down

Uganda                        2,320               2,000               3,000               1,848               Down

Subtotal                      438,521           296,000           190,720           129,343           Down


Southern Africa

Angola                         12,400             12,400             12,400             8,170               Down

Botswana                    20,000             45,300             51,000             80,174             Up

Malawi             4,500               2,400               2,400               2,337               Down

Mozambique                54,800             27,400             18,600             14,900             Down

Namibia                       2,300               2,000               5,000               11,999             Up

South Africa                8,000               8,300               8,200               10,010             Up

Zambia            160,000           58,000             41,000             33,004             Down

Zimbabwe                   49,000             47,000             43,000             81,855             Up

Subtotal                      311,000           202,800           181,600           242,469           Mixed


Continental Total      1,203,501        1,181,900        764,410           615,269           Down


* Includes all categories in Said et al. (1995): “definite”, “probable”, “possible”, and “speculative” population sizes.

Elephant Population Estimates by country, 1981 – 1995 (Source: Cumming and Jackson, 1984; Martin, 1985,AERSG 1987: Burrill and Douglas-Hamilton, 1987; Said et al. 1995).

R.E.A.e.V. bemüht sich zur Zeit darum, auch für die neuere Entwicklung aktuelle Bestandszahlen zu ermitteln. Wir werden sie so bald wie möglich an dieser Stelle veröffentlichen

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